 0086-18705943969      HLJX@hualongm.com
You are here: Home » Resourses » Latest News » Product News » How does a waterjet cutting machine work?

How does a waterjet cutting machine work?

Views: 0     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2023-10-10      Origin: Site


Waterjet cutting machines

Waterjet cutting machines are cutting-edge tools that use high-pressure streams of water to precisely cut through various materials. These machines have gained popularity in manufacturing and industrial applications due to their ability to produce accurate cuts without heat-affected zones. In this article, we will explore how a waterjet cutting machine works, its different types, uses across various industries, advantages, and the role of Hualong Machinery in this field.

What is a Waterjet Cutting Machine?

A waterjet cutting machine is a sophisticated piece of equipment designed for cutting and shaping materials using a high-pressure jet of water. This jet of water can be pure w

ater or combined with abrasive materials, such as garnet or aluminum oxide, to enhance cutting capabilities for harder materials like metals, ceramics, and composites.

These machines are known for their precision and versatility, making them suitable for a wide range of applications in industries like aerospace, automotive, architecture, and more. Waterjet cutting machines offer several advantages over traditional cutting methods, such as laser or plasma cutting, including minimal heat generation, reduced material waste, and the ability to cut intricate designs with ease.

How a Waterjet Cutting Machine Works

The operation of a waterjet cutting machine is a fascinating process. It starts with a high-pressure pump that pressurizes water to extreme levels, typically around 392 MPa (mega-pascals). This highly pressurized water is then delivered through a small precision nozzle. As the water exits the nozzle, it accelerates to speeds approximately three times faster than the speed of sound.

The cutting process can be carried out in two primary ways:

  1.Pure Waterjet Cutting: In this method, only pure water is used as the cutting medium. It is most suitable for softer materials like wood, plastics, foam, paper, and rubber.

  2.Abrasive Waterjet Cutting: To cut through harder materials like metals, glass, ceramics, and concrete, abrasive materials are mixed with the high-pressure water stream. This abrasive material, often garnet, adds cutting power and allows the machine to handle more robust materials.

The high-velocity water jet impinges on the workpiece, eroding and cutting through the material. The precision and control of the cutting process are achieved through computer numerical control (CNC) programming, which guides the motion of the cutting head along the desired path. The resulting cut edges are clean and typically do not require additional processing.

CNC waterjet cutting machines

Types of Waterjet Cutting Machines

Waterjet cutting machines come in various types to cater to different industrial needs. Here are the primary types:

   1.Pure Waterjet Cutters: These machines use only pure water for cutting, making them ideal for softer materials and applications where heat generation is a concern. They are often used in the food industry and for cutting materials sensitive to temperature changes.

   2.Abrasive Waterjet Cutters: These machines incorporate abrasive materials into the water stream, allowing them to cut through harder materials effectively. They are versatile and commonly used in industries like aerospace and automotive.

   3.CNC Waterjet Cutters: CNC waterjet cutting machines are equipped with computer numerical control systems, enabling precise and automated cutting of intricate shapes. They are widely used for custom and complex cutting requirements.

Uses for Waterjet Cutting Machines

Waterjet cutting machines find applications across various industries due to their versatility and precision:

  • Aerospace: Waterjet cutting is used for cutting materials like steel, brass, Inconel, and aluminum in aerospace manufacturing, where precision and material integrity are critical.

  • Automotive: Waterjet cutters are employed for shaping interior components, insulation, and headliners in the automotive industry. They offer minimal material waste and precise cuts.

  • Medicine: Waterjet technology is used in medical procedures, such as the treatment of tumors, as it doesn't generate heat that could damage surrounding tissue.

  • Glass Cutting: Waterjet cutting is ideal for cutting delicate glass without damaging its structure, making it suitable for glass art and architectural applications.

  • Industrial Cleaning: High-pressure water jets are used for cleaning industrial equipment, storage tanks, and pipelines, removing accumulated scales, rust, and contaminants efficiently.

  • Food Industry: Waterjet cutting provides a sanitary and precise method for cutting meat, fish, poultry, pastries, and frozen foods, meeting strict food safety standards.

  • Electronics Manufacturing: Waterjet technology helps reduce manufacturing costs by efficiently cutting circuit boards and stripping wires without damaging them.

  • Fiberglass Shaping: Waterjet cutting is used to shape and form fiberglass without generating dust or waste, making it suitable for insulation and boat manufacturing.

    4020P (7)

Advantages of Waterjet Cutting Machines

Waterjet cutting machines offer several advantages, making them a preferred choice in various industries:

  • Extreme Precision: Waterjet machines provide exceptional cutting accuracy, with tolerances as tight as ± 0.003 to ± 0.005 inches, allowing for intricate designs and shapes.

  • Secondary Finishing Not Required: Waterjet cutting produces clean, burr-free edges, eliminating the need for secondary finishing processes, reducing production time and costs.

  • Versatility: These machines can cut virtually any material, from soft plastics to hard metals, without altering material properties.

  • Environmentally Safe: Waterjet cutting does not produce harmful waste, toxic fumes, or pollutants, contributing to a cleaner and safer work environment.

  • Ease of Use: Waterjet cutting is a straightforward process, and CNC programming simplifies complex cuts, enhancing efficiency.

  • Cost Savings: Waterjet cutting reduces operational costs, material waste, and the need for secondary processing, leading to overall cost savings.

  • No Heat-Affected Zones: Waterjet cutting doesn't generate heat during the process, preventing thermal stress and distortion in materials.



Waterjet cutting machines have revolutionized the manufacturing and cutting industries with their precision, versatility, and environmental benefits. From cutting intricate designs in delicate materials to shaping tough metals with abrasive waterjets, these machines have found applications across a wide spectrum of industries.

One company that stands at the forefront of waterjet cutting machine manufacturing is Hualong Machinery. With their cutting-edge technology and commitment to quality, Hualong Machinery has made significant contributions to the field of waterjet cutting, catering to the diverse needs of industries worldwide. As technology continues to advance, we can expect even more innovations and applications for waterjet cutting machines in the future, further solidifying their role in modern manufacturing and fabrication processes.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is the fundamental principle behind a waterjet cutting machine, and how does it function?

A waterjet cutting machine operates based on a fundamental principle: it utilizes a high-pressure jet of water to meticulously cut through various materials. This process involves pressurizing water and then propelling it through a small nozzle at supersonic speeds, effectively eroding and cutting the material.

2. What materials can be cut with a waterjet cutting machine?

Waterjet machines can cut a wide range of materials, including metals, plastics, ceramics, glass, stone, composites, and more. The choice of cutting medium, pure water or abrasive, depends on the material's hardness.

3. How does waterjet cutting achieve such precision?

Waterjet cutting achieves precision through computer numerical control (CNC) programming, which precisely guides the cutting head along the desired path. This ensures accurate cuts with tolerances as tight as ± 0.003 to ± 0.005 inches.

4. What is the difference between pure waterjet cutting and abrasive waterjet cutting?

Pure waterjet cutting uses only water and is suitable for softer materials. Abrasive waterjet cutting introduces abrasive materials like garnet into the water stream, enhancing cutting power and allowing it to cut through harder materials.

5. Does waterjet cutting produce heat during the cutting process?

No, one of the advantages of waterjet cutting is that it does not generate heat during the cutting process. This absence of heat-affected zones prevents thermal stress and material distortion.

6. How is the high pressure needed for waterjet cutting achieved?

The high pressure required for waterjet cutting is achieved using a high-pressure pump, which pressurizes the water to extreme levels, often around 392 MPa (mega-pascals).

7. Is waterjet cutting environmentally friendly?

Yes, waterjet cutting is considered environmentally friendly as it does not produce harmful waste, toxic fumes, or pollutants. It is a clean and safe cutting method.

8. Can waterjet cutting be used for intricate designs and shapes?

Absolutely. Waterjet cutting is known for its ability to cut intricate designs and shapes with high precision, making it suitable for various applications, including art and custom fabrication.

9. Are there any secondary finishing processes required after waterjet cutting?

In most cases, secondary finishing processes are not required after waterjet cutting. The clean, burr-free edges produced by waterjet cutting eliminate the need for additional finishing, reducing production time and costs.

10. How does Hualong Machinery contribute to the field of waterjet cutting?

Hualong Machinery is a leading manufacturer of waterjet cutting machines, known for its cutting-edge technology and commitment to quality. The company has played a significant role in advancing waterjet cutting technology and meeting the diverse needs of industries worldwide.

Table of Content list
Please leave your email to us and we will be in touch within 24 hours.
Fujian Province Hualong Machinery Co., Ltd., established in 1997 , evolved from Dounan machinery factory which founded in 1990,is a professional engaged in the research, development...

Quick Links

Product Category

Contact Us

  0086-18705943969
 Huangshi Industrial Zone, Putian
 City, Fujian Province, China
Leave a Message
Contact us
Copyright © 2021 Fujian Province Hualong Machinery Co., Ltd. Support By Leadong | Sitemap